Water is important to your life and well-being. However consuming an excessive amount of of it (overhydration) can result in water intoxication. This, in flip, can result in hyponatremia and impaired mind operate.
What are the signs of water intoxication? Can it’s reversed? Learn this put up to search out solutions to all these questions. Swipe up!
Water intoxication, also called overhydration or water poisoning, is a life-threatening situation brought on by consuming an excessive amount of water. It’s characterised by electrolyte imbalance or low sodium focus in blood (lower than 135 mEq/L), which is named hyponatremia.
Signs of water intoxication are confusion, nausea, vomiting, headache, and disorientation. Extreme instances of water intoxication may result in coma or demise.
Listed under are 10 uncomfortable side effects of consuming an excessive amount of water:
1. Causes hyponatremia
Hyponatremia is a lower in sodium ranges under 135 mEq/L blood serum. It occurs as a result of speedy overhydration. Sodium is a vital salt that helps in cell signaling and numerous different features within the physique. So, when your serum sodium ranges drop, you begin feeling nauseous, disoriented, fatigued, or get a headache. In extreme instances, it may also result in demise.
2. Causes the cells to swell up
When the sodium stage in your physique decreases, water enters the cell via the semipermeable cell membrane via the method of osmosis. This ends in swelling up of the cells. The swelling of the physique cells (together with the mind) causes critical injury to the muscle tissues, organs, and mind.
3. Might trigger diarrhea
Overhydration could lead to extreme diarrhea and extended sweating. It’s triggered as a result of hypokalemia or a lower in potassium ions. The steadiness between intracellular and extracellular potassium ions is hampered while you drink an excessive amount of water. In truth, a mere 1% change in potassium ion distribution can result in a whopping 50% change in plasma potassium ion focus.
4. Impacts the mind
Hyponatremia or low sodium within the blood could cause the mind to swell up. This, in flip, ends in speech incapacity, disorientation, strolling instability, psychosis, and even demise.
5. Overburdens the guts
Overhydration could result in coronary heart failure in individuals present process dialysis. The center performs the very important operate of pumping blood via your complete physique. Once you eat an excessive amount of water, it will increase the amount of blood inside your physique. The elevated blood quantity exerts pointless strain on the blood vessels and coronary heart. It could additionally generally result in seizures.
6. Overburdens the kidneys
Overhydration could trigger acute kidney damage (AKI). Excessive water consumption additionally lowers plasma ranges of arginine vasopressin, which helps protect kidney operate. Consuming an excessive amount of water can put strain in your kidneys to operate continually. Your kidneys can filter a few liter of fluid per hour from the physique. Past that, they should work further arduous to take care of homeostasis.
7. Might trigger liver issues
It is very important word that this downside just isn’t brought on by merely consuming an excessive amount of water. Somewhat, it occurs by consuming an excessive amount of water with iron in it. Iron overload just isn’t precisely detrimental, however in uncommon instances, it might trigger liver-related issues. Folks with liver cirrhosis are susceptible to growing hyponatremia.
8. Frequent urination
Frequent urination, say as soon as in each quarter-hour, will be actually irritating, whether or not you might be at dwelling, work, or college. Once you drink an excessive amount of water, your kidneys operate continually. Because of this, it’s good to rush to the washroom time and again.
9. Poses the danger of chlorine overdose
Chlorine is used to disinfect consuming water. However, consuming an excessive amount of water can put you vulnerable to chlorine overdose. When that occurs, you might be vulnerable to growing bladder and colorectal cancers.
10. Potential threat of coma
The mind and visceral organ injury that your physique goes via because of water intoxication can result in coma and, in some instances, demise. Due to this fact, don’t drink an excessive amount of water inside a brief window of time.
Questioning learn how to inform if you find yourself consuming an excessive amount of water? Right here’s a listing of signs you possibly can look out for.